If your skin is prone to hyperpigmentation, you can design a skincare routine to prevent unwanted darkening. Follow our three easy steps to a brighter complexion.
If you answered yes, yes, and yes, then you should learn the three keys to avoiding hyperpigmentation.
What is hyperpigmentation?
Those darkened areas of skin tone you're prone to are caused by the same pigment that gives skin a sun-kissed colour: melanin. When your skin tans, the pigment is evenly distributed. When you develop hyperpigmentation, melanin is concentrated in spots or patches.
Melanin collections are provoked for a variety of reasons, with the two primary triggers being:
- Exposure to sunlight
- Trauma and inflammation of the skin
You're aware of how sunlight stimulates tanning and freckling. You may not know that skin trauma also ramps up melanin production.
Scientists are still investigating melanin's purpose. What we do know is that the healing biology of skin increases melanin production. Wherever there's trauma, abrasion, or inflammation, there will likely be an increased production of melanin as well.
How you can avoid hyperpigmentation
You can easily avoid hyperpigmentation with the right skincare practices. The three steps we recommend help to avoid or lessen the damaging impact of UV light or skin traumas.
Creating a skincare routine that covers these three pillars and following it diligently will make a noticeable difference in your skin tone. Let's take a look at the three steps and their individual benefits.
1. Apply sun protection daily.
Age spots, freckles, and other areas of existing hyperpigmentation are all created and encouraged by UV light. Although you may feel healthier with a tan, it's in fact true that there's no such thing as a safe tan.
Any change to skin colour is evidence of skin damage. Avoid activating your melanin production system by applying sun protection daily.
We recommend choosing one of our three favourite sun creams:
- Dermalogica Protection 50 Sport SPF 50
- Clarins Sunscreen Control Cream – Very High Protection SPF 50+ Face
- Jurlique Purely White Skin Brightening Day Cream SPF 30, perfect for skin already affected by hyperpigmentation
2. Use anti-inflammatory skincare actives regularly.
Whether your hyperpigmentation is caused by acne, eczema, or dermatitis, it's the initiation of your biological healing response that causes darkened skin. This healing response is vital; however, sometimes it's called upon when unneeded, or suffered pathologically due to conditions like acne.
Inflammation is the root of your body's healing response. It's the body’s way of isolating an intruder by surrounding it with biological cushions. Your body will then attempt to kill the intruder and follow this with a rush of healing nutrients.
This is healthy when deployed in proportion. However, when consistent, often termed chronic inflammation, the same response can become unhealthy and ravage skin with hyperpigmentation.
To tackle this cause, we recommend integrating an anti-inflammatory moisturiser such as:
- SkinCeuticals Redness Neutralizer, specifically designed to reduce the inflammatory cascade
- Dermalogica UltraCalming Serum Concentrate, containing anti-inflammatory bisabolol, oat extract, and aloe
3. Use brightening actives after skin damage.
The moment you develop a breakout is the exact moment you should implement a brightening active. Use it before hyperpigmentation develops, and you may avoid darkening of your skin altogether.