If you suspect you've developed rosacea, you'll need to know exactly what the signs are to be sure.
If your complexion bears an ongoing blush, you might be wondering whether you've developed rosacea. To understand whether your facial redness is truly rosacea, you'll need to know what the five common signs of this condition look like.
There are four subtypes of rosacea, each with different characteristics. So although you may not experience all five of the following signs, you could still have a specific type of the condition.
1. Facial Redness
'Rosacea' is Latin for 'made of roses', which aptly describes the classic sign: facial redness. While skin that blushes easily may be a risk factor for the condition, it's not always a sign of a full-blown case.
When is a blush no longer just a blush?
A diagnosis of rosacea depends on the pattern of redness and the duration. In rosacea, blushing is persistent, lasting for days, weeks, or months rather than a few minutes or hours.
Also, the rosacea blush appears in a butterfly pattern across your face. That means the areas most affected by redness are the apples of your cheeks and your T-zone area.
2. Broken Blood Vessels
The blood vessels in the area of facial redness become visible. These areas look like a disordered spider web of dark-red blood vessels against the lighter ongoing blush of rosacea-prone skin.
You're also likely to see broken capillaries in these areas. The more flare-ups you suffer, the more broken capillaries you're likely to see.
3. Papules and Pustules (Acne)
One of the four subtypes of rosacea earns the nickname 'acne rosacea' because of the papules and pustules cause by this condition. Papules and pustules are spots that are raised significantly from the skin and sometimes contain visible pus. These areas look a lot like, and are often mistaken for, acne.
Traditional acne products aggravate rosacea-prone skin further. Avoid these and instead opt for zinc-based treatments such as Dermalogica Concealing Spot Treatment or Dermalogica mediBac Oil Control Lotion.
4. Seborrheic Dermatitis (aka Facial Dandruff)
Zinc-based skincare has proven effective in combating this type of eczema. If you suffer from rosacea with areas of facial dandruff, try Bioderma Atoderm PO Zinc Intense Soothing Care or Uriage CU–ZN+ Cream.
5. Thickening of the Skin
The last standout sign of rosacea is thickening of the skin. This is mostly seen in men and is related to one of the four subtypes called 'phymatous rosacea'.
Thickening is most common on the nose, which takes on a bulbous appearance, but thickening isn't restricted to this area. Areas effected by this thickening also show redness and broken capillaries.
For skincare products tailored to rosacea skin types, head to our rosacea-approved skincare shop.